What You Need to Know


Insurance is available to help you replace your belongings after a loss due to theft, fire, water damage or other insured perils. Insurance can help you get back on your feet after a loss by covering some unexpected expenses. Insurance also protects you if someone gets hurt or someone else’s property is damaged because of your negligence.

Your Rental Agreement may stipulate that you maintain tenant’s legal liability insurance for the duration of your tenancy.



1. It insures your belongings, helping you rebuild your life after a loss.

Think about all the things you own – the furniture in your bedroom and living room and all the items in your bathroom and kitchen. Think about the clothes, household items, toys, electronics and other things. Now imagine having to replace all of those items at once due to fire or certain types of water damage.

Insurance doesn’t just cover furniture, TVs and expensive items. Insurance will repair or replace pots, pans, clothes and most other household items. Even if you think your belongings have little value, you might be very surprised by how much it would cost you to replace everything – all at once. However, keep in mind that coverage for some insured items may be subject to exclusions or maximum limits. Read your policy carefully to determine your exact coverage.


2. It helps you to cope with your other needs after a loss, covering extra costs that may result from an insured loss.

If there was a fire in your apartment and you were forced to leave the building until the damage was fixed, where would you stay? Without a kitchen to prepare food, could you afford to dine out every night?

Tenant’s insurance pays for any necessary expenses while your apartment is being repaired, such as hotel bills, restaurant meals and moving costs. This coverage is called additional living expenses and will pay for additional expenses that you have to pay because you are not living in your own home. This coverage is subject to certain limits.


3. It helps to protect you and your family in the event of a lawsuit.

Tenants are responsible for the harm they cause to any part of their apartment, the building and to others who live or visit there. For example, if a cooking fire causes damage to the contents of your apartment and those of other tenants as well as parts of the building, you may be held responsible for the cost of that damage. Tenant’s insurance covers that cost.

Similarly, if someone slips and falls in your apartment, you might be held financially responsible for the cost of the injured person’s pain, suffering and medical bills.

A typical tenant’s insurance policy provides coverage, up to a limit, for the amount that you would have to pay to someone who successfully sues you. This is called liability coverage. It will also cover the legal costs of defending the lawsuit. You can often buy extra coverage to increase the limit of your liability coverage.


How much does tenant’s insurance cost?

The cost of tenant’s insurance depends on many things, including the amount of insurance you choose, where your apartment is located, how it was constructed, and the insurance company you choose. The value of your contents also determines the cost of your tenant’s insurance. The more you own, the more coverage you will need to replace those contents. You can also purchase optional coverage for risks such as water damage.

When you compare how much you stand to lose if you don’t have insurance, the cost of tenant’s insurance is minimal. Insurance should be factored into your living expenses, much like the cost of food and shelter.

If you have a car, consider getting a quote from your auto insurer. You may be eligible for a discount for “bundling” your auto and tenant’s policies together. Ask about other discounts or other ways that could save you money on premiums. Shop around to compare the prices of different companies.



Being a landlord isn’t easy – it’s a round-the-clock job with many responsibilities. Some landlords prefer a hands-on approach with their rental properties; others hire property managers or rental agencies to tend to all the details. Whether you share your property with tenants or live offsite, be sure to carefully screen prospective tenants. A Rental Agreement should address sublet conditions, if any, and insist that tenants purchase their own insurance.

A Rental Agreement stipulating that tenants have the appropriate insurance may narrow down the list of applicants but will provide peace of mind in the event of a loss – for landlords and tenants alike.

Renting out your basement? Taking in boarders? Renting a room online? If yes, you’re a landlord. Even if a friend moves in with you temporarily, you should inform your insurance representative in writing before altering your living arrangements, to ensure you have the right coverage. Here’s why:


Failure to provide full disclosure relating to occupancy may void your home insurance policy.

If anything were to happen – for example, a tenant accidentally starts a fire in your rented basement – and your insurance provider was unaware of the tenant living there, your policy could be voided. This would leave you without coverage at a time when you need it most.


Your home insurance policy only covers your property, contents and personal liability and that of your spouse and dependents.

It does not include your tenant’s or boarder’s contents and personal liability.

Should a fire destroy your tenant’s or boarder’s belongings, you may be held responsible for compensation of that person’s lost or damaged contents if you are found liable for the fire.


Your property may see new tenants coming and going each year, thereby posing a different kind of insurable risk.

It’s your obligation to inform your insurance provider of any change in risk such as a boarder renting a room in your home.


If you own rental property that you don’t live in, you’ll need a separate insurance policy. Speak with your insurance representative about the coverage you need.


Here are additional reasons why it’s important to have the appropriate coverage when renting your property:

  • It covers damage to your property including walls, flooring, fixtures, appliances, heating and cooling systems, and furniture (furnished rentals only), subject to the terms of your policy.
  • It replaces your lost rental income if tenants must vacate the premises due to damage from an insured loss.
  • It covers your defence costs in the event of a lawsuit should tenants or their guests suffer injury or damages on the property.


Some information on this page has been used with permission from the Insurance Bureau of Canada.

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Established in 1964, Insurance Bureau of Canada (IBC) is the national industry association representing Canada's private home, auto and business insurers.